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post #1 of 20 (permalink) Old 03-01-2010, 02:56 PM Thread Starter
 
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Liberalism, atheism, male sexual exclusivity linked to IQ

Political, religious and sexual behaviors may be reflections of intelligence, a new study finds.

Evolutionary psychologist Satoshi Kanazawa at the the London School of Economics and Political Science correlated data on these behaviors with IQ from a large national U.S. sample and found that, on average, people who identified as liberal and atheist had higher IQs. This applied also to sexual exclusivity in men, but not in women. The findings will be published in the March 2010 issue of Social Psychology Quarterly.

The IQ differences, while statistically significant, are not stunning -- on the order of 6 to 11 points -- and the data should not be used to stereotype or make assumptions about people, experts say. But they show how certain patterns of identifying with particular ideologies develop, and how some people's behaviors come to be.

The reasoning is that sexual exclusivity in men, liberalism and atheism all go against what would be expected given humans' evolutionary past. In other words, none of these traits would have benefited our early human ancestors, but higher intelligence may be associated with them.

"The adoption of some evolutionarily novel ideas makes some sense in terms of moving the species forward," said George Washington University leadership professor James Bailey, who was not involved in the study. "It also makes perfect sense that more intelligent people -- people with, sort of, more intellectual firepower -- are likely to be the ones to do that."

Bailey also said that these preferences may stem from a desire to show superiority or elitism, which also has to do with IQ. In fact, aligning oneself with "unconventional" philosophies such as liberalism or atheism may be "ways to communicate to everyone that you're pretty smart," he said.

The study looked at a large sample from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), which began with adolescents in grades 7-12 in the United States during the 1994-95 school year. The participants were interviewed as 18- to 28-year-olds from 2001 to 2002. The study also looked at the General Social Survey, another cross-national data collection source.
Kanazawa did not find that higher or lower intelligence predicted sexual exclusivity in women. This makes sense, because having one partner has always been advantageous to women, even thousands of years ago, meaning exclusivity is not a "new" preference.

For men, on the other hand, sexual exclusivity goes against the grain evolutionarily. With a goal of spreading genes, early men had multiple mates. Since women had to spend nine months being pregnant, and additional years caring for very young children, it made sense for them to want a steady mate to provide them resources.

Religion, the current theory goes, did not help people survive or reproduce necessarily, but goes along the lines of helping people to be paranoid, Kanazawa said. Assuming that, for example, a noise in the distance is a signal of a threat helped early humans to prepare in case of danger.
"It helps life to be paranoid, and because humans are paranoid, they become more religious, and they see the hands of God everywhere," Kanazawa said.
Participants who said they were atheists had an average IQ of 103 in adolescence, while adults who said they were religious averaged 97, the study found. Atheism "allows someone to move forward and speculate on life without any concern for the dogmatic structure of a religion," Bailey said.
"Historically, anything that's new and different can be seen as a threat in terms of the religious beliefs; almost all religious systems are about permanence," he noted.

The study takes the American view of liberal vs. conservative. It defines "liberal" in terms of concern for genetically nonrelated people and support for private resources that help those people. It does not look at other factors that play into American political beliefs, such as abortion, gun control and gay rights.

"Liberals are more likely to be concerned about total strangers; conservatives are likely to be concerned with people they associate with," he said.
Given that human ancestors had a keen interest in the survival of their offspring and nearest kin, the conservative approach -- looking out for the people around you first -- fits with the evolutionary picture more than liberalism, Kanazawa said. "It's unnatural for humans to be concerned about total strangers." he said.

The study found that young adults who said they were "very conservative" had an average adolescent IQ of 95, whereas those who said they were "very liberal" averaged 106.

It also makes sense that "conservatism" as a worldview of keeping things stable would be a safer approach than venturing toward the unfamiliar, Bailey said.

Neither Bailey nor Kanazawa identify themselves as liberal; Bailey is conservative and Kanazawa is "a strong libertarian."

Vegetarianism, while not strongly associated with IQ in this study, has been shown to be related to intelligence in previous research, Kanazawa said. This also fits into Bailey's idea that unconventional preferences appeal to people with higher intelligence, and can also be a means of showing superiority.
None of this means that the human species is evolving toward a future where these traits are the default, Kanazawa said.

"More intelligent people don't have more children, so moving away from the trajectory is not going to happen," he said.

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post #2 of 20 (permalink) Old 03-01-2010, 03:03 PM
 
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"More intelligent people don't have more children, so moving away from the trajectory is not going to happen," he said.
I learned this years ago by watching the movie Idiocracy.
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post #3 of 20 (permalink) Old 03-01-2010, 03:04 PM
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Evolutionary psychologist Satoshi Kanazawa at the the London School of Economics and Political Science correlated data on these behaviors with IQ from a large national U.S. sample and found that, on average, people who identified as liberal and atheist had higher IQs. This applied also to sexual exclusivity in men, but not in women. The findings will be published in the March 2010 issue of Social Psychology Quarterly.
Gee, that's a shock. I quit reading it after the first paragraph....



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post #4 of 20 (permalink) Old 03-01-2010, 03:33 PM
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If liberals have higher IQ's then why is it... it is they that know the least of what the populace wants?

If atheists have higher IQ's then why is it when their time comes they cram a lifetime of prayer in one session when their time is at hand?

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post #5 of 20 (permalink) Old 03-01-2010, 03:46 PM
 
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Wonder if this study was conducted by liberals....
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post #6 of 20 (permalink) Old 03-01-2010, 04:05 PM Thread Starter
 
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If liberals have higher IQ's then why is it... it is they that know the least of what the populace wants?

If atheists have higher IQ's then why is it when their time comes they cram a lifetime of prayer in one session when their time is at hand?
I once had a conversation with my Indian friend where he pointed out that Indians are the richest minorities in every country.

They also have the largest PhDs per capita.

My response:

If Indians are so smart and well off, then why can't they ship a pen made in the middle of India?

Must suck to have soo many smart people arguing who has the greater IQ to the point that nothing really gets done.

They I told him to go travel in China (a country of similar populace) and observe how India should use a 1 party government to get their act together.

And my last comment to him is that if Indians are so smart, why haven't they developed gene-therapy to make their people:

1. look better
2. less hairy
3. less body odor

He stopped talking.......

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post #7 of 20 (permalink) Old 03-01-2010, 04:35 PM
 
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I once had a conversation with my Indian friend where he pointed out that Indians are the richest minorities in every country.

They also have the largest PhDs per capita.

My response:

If Indians are so smart and well off, then why can't they ship a pen made in the middle of India?

Must suck to have soo many smart people arguing who has the greater IQ to the point that nothing really gets done.

They I told him to go travel in China (a country of similar populace) and observe how India should use a 1 party government to get their act together.

And my last comment to him is that if Indians are so smart, why haven't they developed gene-therapy to make their people:

1. look better
2. less hairy
3. less body odor

He stopped talking.......


I've been to China and I've been to India. I much prefer the friendliness of India to the stinking oppression of China.

How in the world can you think a one party system is superior to Democracy and freedom?????
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post #8 of 20 (permalink) Old 03-01-2010, 04:36 PM
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Consider the source.
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post #9 of 20 (permalink) Old 03-01-2010, 04:46 PM Thread Starter
 
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I've been to China and I've been to India. I much prefer the friendliness of India to the stinking oppression of China.

How in the world can you think a one party system is superior to Democracy and freedom?????
Democracy is not for everyone nor every country and at all levels of development.

I like order and like to see things get done.

Compared to China, not much gets done in India and even my Indian friends do agree with me on this one - even though many don't like it.

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post #10 of 20 (permalink) Old 03-01-2010, 04:59 PM
 
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I think Batmans may be on to something here.

Liberals are so out of touch with human nature that every solution they come up with to a problem is doomed to failure since they don't understand human nature.

Look at this paragraph.

"The reasoning is that sexual exclusivity in men, liberalism and atheism all go against what would be expected given humans' evolutionary past. In other words, none of these traits would have benefited our early human ancestors, but higher intelligence may be associated with them."

Since Liberalism has no benefit it has failed in the past but now with the advances that mankind has made, and a desire to stand out, Liberalism appears to be a more inteligent choice. Even though it constantly fails to produce positive growth of the human condition.

You could also say that the most intelligent among us are Liberal. Obama knows we have 57 states and Al Gore invented the internet.

I do take exception with this statement.

Liberals are more likely to be concerned about total strangers; conservatives are likely to be concerned with people they associate with," he said.
Given that human ancestors had a keen interest in the survival of their offspring and nearest kin, the conservative approach -- looking out for the people around you first -- fits with the evolutionary picture more than liberalism, Kanazawa said. "It's unnatural for humans to be concerned about total strangers." he said.


Liberals define being concerned about others as taking from someone and giving it to another. To me that only hurts both since he recipient only benefits short term and the person that had their productivity confisactated worked for nothing. Conservatives teach a man to fish instead of stealing another persons fish to feed the first person.

Also study after study has found that Conservatives have less wealth than Liberals but donate both a higher percentage and a higher total dollar amount to charities.

Sorry but the egghead academics need to experience the real world.

Last edited by fergyflyer; 03-01-2010 at 05:20 PM.
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